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WARNING: The first story in this issue is about a newly-acquired cadaver at ENMU, and shows a very small portion of the body as an incision is made. If you do not want to see the photos, please skip to the second story by clicking on the following link. – [click here to skip]
ENMU Students Learning From Newly-Acquired Cadaver
story by Jennifer Conlee
photos by Katherine Moore
“It’s an unbelievable, unique tool to have at their disposal.” – Dr. Matthew Barlow
Dr. Matthew Barlow, assistant professor of biology at Eastern New Mexico University, stands over his subject and makes the first clean incision, informing the students, who observe with rapt attention, that they will be examining the thyroid gland. The two students are eager to watch the procedure, one that is unique and rare, especially for a small university like ENMU, which primarily hosts undergrads in the biology department.
|Dr. Matthew Barlow with student Samantha Emms|
For the first time, ENMU’s science department has a cadaver, a donated body, to fill the cadaver room that was installed when the science building was renovated. The 72-year-old Hispanic male from Phoenix, Ariz., died of lung cancer, and ENMU received his body in December.
“When I was first hired a year and a half ago, one of my first assignments was to acquire a cadaver,” said Dr. Barlow, assistant professor of biology. “We felt it would be a huge draw to add students to our department.”
After a year of legal procedures and working with the International Institute for the Advancement of Medicine, the department was finally approved for their first cadaver, a rarity even in some larger universities.
The cadaver is a 72-year-old Hispanic male from Phoenix, Ariz., who died of lung cancer.
|Lab Table in Cadaver Room|
The bodies, Dr. Barlow explained, come from recently deceased people who have registered to have their bodies donated to medical science education. The school will keep the cadaver for a year or a year and a half, then return the cremated remains to the family.
“This is great for many students,” Dr. Barlow said. “Biology majors with an interest in pre-med, forensic sciences, nursing students, even CDIS and psychology can benefit from this.”
The cadaver will allow students hands-on experiences that they can’t get from computer programs, Dr. Barlow explained.
“You get to integrate the anatomy together, or compare it with a different kind of mammal,” he said.
The lab itself is an accomplishment. With an operating table and a three-tiered refrigerated system, the lab can hold up to three cadavers for 24-36 months, meaning that students can study the same cadaver throughout their time at ENMU.
“I chose to do the embalming here,” Dr. Barlow said, explaining how an embalming solution similar to formaldehyde, was pumped through the vascular system to preserve the body . “We had the option of having the body embalmed before it arrived, but I thought it would be educational for myself and the students to do it ourselves.”
|Dr. Barlow with students Samantha Emms and Rob Restaino|
Rob Restaino, a graduate assistant in the biology department, is excited for the opportunity this presents him.
“As an undergrad, I never had this opportunity,” he explained. For Mr. Restaino, this means a more in-depth experience as he works towards his master’s.
Samantha Emms, an undergraduate pursuing her biology premed, knows that most undergraduates never get to experience the hands-on experience of working on a cadaver.
“This will give me a leg up when I go to pursue my graduate degree,” Ms. Emms said.
For both students, and their fellow classmates, the use of the cadaver will be a learning experience like no other.
“There’s nothing like a hands-on experience,” Dr. Barlow said. “It’s an unbelievable, unique tool to have at their disposal.”
The Eastern New Mexico University Department of Art will host the University of New Mexico-sponsored exhibit of The Plazas of New Mexico in the Runnels Gallery in the Golden Library on the Portales campus from Feb. 17 through March 9.
Sponsored by the ENMU Department of Anthropology and Applied Archaeology and the Department of Art, admission is free and open to the public.
Heritage Days queen and princesses in Portales near the courthouse square in 2004
A reception will be held on Friday, Feb. 17, from 5-6:30 p.m. at the Runnels Gallery and will include a book signing. A presentation and question-and-answer session with the authors Miguel Gandert and Chris Wilson is scheduled at 6:30 p.m. in Room 112 in the Jack Williamson Liberal Arts Building. Books will be available for purchase at both events.
Exhibit hours will follow regular Golden Library hours.
Roosevelt County Courthouse square, about 1920, Town boosters often organized car rallies to promote construction of state highways.
The exhibition features panoramic photographs of contemporary plaza celebrations from across the state by Gandert, an internationally renowned documentary photographer.
The second part of exhibit, prepared by Wilson, profiles the history of nine iconic plazas and squares from Taos Pueblo and the Santa Fe Plaza to the plazas at Albuquerque, Las Vegas and Mesilla. The Roosevelt County courthouse square in Portales is featured in the book and the exhibit.
Roosevelt County Courthouse, about 1905. Derrick probably exploring for artesian waters. (photo courtesy of ENMU Special Collections)
The Plazas of New Mexico documents the rich heritage of New Mexico’s public plazas, and the everyday life and community celebrations that help sustain them. It traces three distinct design traditions—the Native American center place with kiva and terraced residential blocks, the Hispanic plaza with church and courtyard houses, and the Anglo square with courthouse and business blocks.
Wilson is a leading cultural, architectural and landscape historian whose award-winning books include “The Myth of Santa Fe: Creating a Modern Regional Tradition” and “Facing Southwest: The Life and Houses of John Gaw Meem.”
|Classic and custom car show, Heritage Days in Portales, 2004|
Wilson is coeditor, with Paul Groth, of “Everyday America: Cultural Landscape Studies after J. B. Jackson.” Wilson is the J. B. Jackson Professor of Cultural Landscape Studies at the University of New Mexico School of Architecture and Planning in Albuquerque, and founding director of its Historic Preservation and Regionalism Program.
One of America’s leading documentary photographers, Gandert has exhibited widely, including in the Whitney Biennial. His largest body of work is found in Nuevo Mexico Profundo: Rituals of an Indo-Hispano Homeland. He is a professor in the Department of Communication and Journalism at the University of New Mexico.
For more information from UNM, call 505.710.7169 or visit http://plazasofnewmexico.com/index.html.
For more information from ENMU, call 575.562.2206.
ENMU Grad Commands Troops in Afghanistan
"I cherish my time at Eastern and remain in contact with lifelong Greyhound friends." – Lt. Col. Mike Kirkpatrick
|Lt. Col. Mike Kirkpatrick|
In rural Southern Afghanistan an ENMU grad commands hundreds of combat troops responsible for building security and governance in a historical Taliban stronghold.
Lieutenant Colonel Mike Kirkpatrick graduated Eastern in 1995 and now commands the 3rd Squadron, 71st Cavalry Regiment – the “Titans” based at Fort Drum, N.Y.
|(at podium) Lieutenant Colonel Mike Kirkpatrick|
|(center) Lieutenant Colonel Mike Kirkpatrick|
Mike was commissioned from the Army ROTC program at ENMU in 1995 with a degree in university studies. He is a member of Sigma Alpha Epsilon and also holds a master’s degree in organizational leadership from Bellevue University.
"I cherish my time at Eastern and remain in contact with lifelong Greyhound friends," says Mike.
He is one of many ENMU grads who have served in uniform to include. Onces he knows about include: MAJ Patrick Stamm, LTC Joe Edstrom, MAJ Bob Krause, MAJ Chuck Ferguson, LTC Pete Phillips, MAJ Tony Spratley, CPT Mike Hess, 1LT Lee Berlin, 1LT Joel Buckley, LTC Damon Ragsdale, LTC Tom Jones, MAJ Georgia Moncayo, CPT Daniel Gonzales, MAJ Johnny Lairsey, MAJ Lloyd White, 1LT DJ DesJardins, MAJ Billy VanCuren, CPT Darin Wilson, CPT Henry Alvarez, CPT Matt Godfrey, LTC Thomas Gonzales and the late MAJ Ron Milam (2001).
Mike is married to the former Deana Smith, whom he met while attending Eastern. They have three daughters. Mykaela (9), Hannah (7) and Londyn (1).
Mike will return to the United States at the end of March. He can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Cached Clovis Points Used For Hunting
by Dr. David Kilby
Assistant Professor of Anthropolgy
Archaeologists have long debated the function of stone points found in collections of tools buried in various parts of North America by the continent’s earliest inhabitants, the Clovis people. A new study, using morphometric techniques developed in evolutionary biology, has found that the cached points were most likely intended to be parts of hunting spears rather than for ritual or competitive purposes.
Whether cached Clovis points were intended for hunting or for something more esoteric is critical for understanding both the function of the points and, by extension, the significance of the caches themselves.
The investigators analyzed a sample of 122 complete Clovis points, including 55 from the Anzick, Drake, East Wenatchee, Fenn, and Simon caches, and 68 points from nine kill and camp sites from around the American West. Digitizing the points from scaled images made it possible to collect morphometric data describing the shape of artifacts that cannot accurately be taken with standard methods.
The researchers used these data to test two predictions of the hypothesis that cached Clovis points were intended to arm hunting weapons: 1) cached points should be the same shape as, but generally larger than, points from kill/camp sites, and 2) cached points and points from kill/camp sites should follow the same size-related shape change trajectory.
Through the use of bivariate and multivariate statistics it was found that neither prediction can be rejected, indicating that Clovis points from both caches and kill/camp sites represent a single morphological population that varies along a single trajectory with regard to size. These results strongly support the idea that Clovis points from caches were no different in terms of actual or potential function from those found in direct association with hunting activity.
An important implication is that the caches themselves likely represent components of functional toolkits as carried and used by these Ice Age hunters. As such, many points from caches represent new or recently manufactured tools, and shed light on the principles that guided the production and maintenance of these critically important artifacts.
The full study is published in PLoS ONE, an interactive open-access journal, and is open for online discussion.
Image Caption: Two Clovis points from the Simon cache, Idaho. The points are manufactured to very similar specifications and do not appear to have been used or resharpened. The chips in the edges are damage from the plowing that led to their discovery. (credit: David Kilby; courtesy of The Herrett Center for Arts and Science, College of Southern Idaho)
Briggs Buchanan, David Kilby, Bruce Huckell, Michael O’Brien, and Mark Collard (2012). A Morphometric Assessment of the Function of Cached Clovis Points. PLoS ONE 7(1): http://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0030530.
|Benefit Concert in Ballroom on March 4|
There will be three groups performing contemporary Christian. The profits go to the My Ashleah Foundation, a non-profit organization which promotes drug and alcohol awareness. It was founded by the family of Mark Richards whose daughter was killed by a drunk driver.
The concert is being sponsored by the ENMU P.A.C.K. (Promoting Alcohol Control and Knowledge) Program and the ENMU Police Department.
Tickets can be purchased from:
Watch video at: [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YrRbPU8YRxs]
|Sunday on Campus|
The Monday Memo editor took this photo on his way to his cubicle on Sunday to add in weeekend events to this issue. (photo by Wendel Sloan)